Since 1958, Every September 8, the International Journalism Day has been recognized, in memory of the Czechoslovak journalist Julius Fucik, who after his investigations during World War II, was executed by the Nazis in 1943.
Although the recognition of the journalist’s work has different commemoration dates depending on the country or region, each year the meaning of this day acquires or adds new perspectives of reflection towards one of the main figures of the investigation: the reporter, who either from graphic, auditory / sound, audiovisual or written expression presents various dynamics and ways of entering and making known issues of social, political, cultural, daily life, sport, entertainment, economic, environmental, and security, public health, gastronomy, technology and tourism; for example, among many other aspects that require analysis and constant dialogue between its creators, innovators and main recipients: society in general.
“History classes”, a plot to live intensely
The journalistic exercise can be appreciated, understood and confronted from different points of view, but there is always something in common among those who do it: the passion for informing and mainly discovering stories that mean an important change for the worldAlthough the result of these chronicles can be sad, moving, of anguish or of prevention, but they also have that touch to detonate happiness, recognition and empathy.
Whether it is a political, security, sports or entertainment issue, journalism shares processes between the different profiles of reporters, always starting from the key and basic questions: how? where? when? because? Who or who are involved? What is the background and progress?, for instance.
Whether or not we are aware of the journalistic processes that are required for an investigation, there are various testimonies and chronicles that allow us to get into the skin of the reporter and the cinematographic format has been one of those that propose stories based on real events or with touches of fiction about the work of journalism, the life of newsrooms, about how a piece of information that seems everyday or irrelevant can be just the tip of the iceberg to show a story of the struggle for dignity and human right. Here are some examples of audiovisual narratives that explore various facets and perspectives of journalism.
Spotlight: on the front page
This Oscar-winning film and directed by Thomas McCarthy, shows the process that journalists from The Boston Globe followed to expose cases of pedophilia in religious sectors of Massachusetts, an investigation that the medium deserved to be recognized with the Pulitzer Prize; This true-life drama stars Mark Ruffalo, Michael Keaton, and Rachel McAdams, among others.
The Post: The Pentagon Files
This film directed by Steven Spielberg, stars Meryl Streep, Tom Hanks, Sarah Paulson and Bob Odenkirk, among others, who, set in the 70s, reflect part of the work of journalists from The Washington Post and The New York Times and its investigation and confrontation processes when making public the so-called “Pentagon papers”, regarding hidden information about the Vietnam War from the United States government.
Providing space and respect to victims of sexual abuse in the media was key to initiating one of the most heartbreaking investigations in the sports world in the United States, after female high-performance gymnasts – adults and girls – survived the abuse of the former sports doctor Larry Nassar, decided to share their experiences with media such as The Indianapolis Star.
From a comic and satire perspective, the humorist and actor Ricky Gervais offers in this series -in two seasons- a unique look at journalism in a small town in England, by playing a veteran reporter and editor, who after the death of His wife loses empathy for continuing with his work and rethinks the meaning of his life, however, the arrival of a new aspiring reporter to the newsroom will be key to encouraging him to seek new stories and turn his dramatic life around.
Private Network Who killed Manuel Buendía?
This documentary directed by Manuel Alcalá, explores interviews and testimonies that try to put on the table perspectives and memories about the reasons why the Mexican journalist Manuel Buendía was assassinated, who was killed in Mexico City in 1984, due to the complaints and reflections that the reporter offered in his popular column “Private network” in which he constantly exhibited the corruption networks and influences of the Mexican government with crime and its impact on other countries and social conflicts. Available on Netflix.
Justice for little Gabriel
This six-episode documentary directed by Brian Knappenberger explores the violence experienced by the boy Gabriel (of Latino origin) and how the news of his death in “strange” circumstances in Los Angeles led LA Times journalist Garrett Therolf to delve into the omissions of social work for the protection of better people and Gabriel’s family context, which resulted in a complex and heartbreaking public knowledge trial.
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The look of the cinema towards journalistic work